I’m still trying to rationalize the existence of example code. You know, the poison pills programmers copy and paste into an otherwise healthy body of software.
Sometime today, I was thinking back my first physics class, and of three key idealizations. These idealizations have helped students learn physics since the debut of Principia Mathematica in the 1680s.
The idealizations are:
The immoveable object.
The irresistible force.
The frictionless surface.
Of course, nobody actually builds bridges or launches rockets using irresistible forces and frictionless surfaces, but the concepts do make the first chapters in a physics textbook easier, and we learn from them. If there are parallels to these idealizations in the sample code on MSDN, in books, and on this blog, they would be:
The never-null parameter.
The always-on network.
The perfect string of user input.
We learn from them.
I’ve had some time to experiment, and downloaded the WinFX CTP to give Indigo a whirl. The installation onto a Virtual PC with the VS2005 February CTP went swimmingly. I thought for a first try I’d write a client for an existing web service, and since I have a few VPCs with Reporting Services installed I looked to start a conversation between the two.
I created a plain console mode application, and added a reference to the System.ServiceModel assembly. The next step was to generate proxy classes from the Reporting Services service contract (the WSDL from ReportService.asmx).
You can create proxies with the Service Model Metadata command line tool “svcutil”. Reporting Services requires an authenticated caller by default, but I did not find a way for svcutil to send my credentials. I could work around this problem by hitting the WSDL page with IE and saving a WSDL file to disk, but it turns out authentication made for more difficulties later on, so ultimately I setup Reporting Services to allow anonymous access.
The first pass with svcutil failed and told me it could not import the type ArrayOfStrings. With help from Hoop in the newsgroups, I finally got the right command line switches needed to create proxy classes.
>svcutil /out:ssrs.cs /config:app.config /tm /uxs http://reporting/reportserver/reportservice.asmx
Microsoft (R) Service Model Metadata Tool
[Microsoft(R) .NET Framework, Version 2.0.50110.20]
Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
In the above command line I’m asking svcutil to generate a config file, to generate code using typed messages (/tm) and to generate code using the XML serializer (/uxs). The generated code goes into a file I named ssrs.cs. I’ll point out the impact of these switches in a moment, but it is interesting to note that the tool refers to the XML serializer as The Xml Serializer, so use caution, we may not realize the power we are wielding with these new tools.
The tool generates a file with all of the data contracts and service contracts, and with a proxy class to instantiate and invoke the service methods. An example of a data contract is the complex type CatalogItem (excerpted below), which represents an item (report, data source, folder) in the Report Server catalog.
public partial class CatalogItem
private string nameField;
public string Name
this.nameField = value;
Since we requested svcutil to use The XML Serializer we have serialization attributes decorating the classes instead of the DataContract attributes mentioned by Clemens Vasters. It is nice to see the generated code using private backing fields and exposing public properties - this approach does simplify serialization and data binding and is something the current tools do not give us. To mark the class as partial is also a nice touch and allows for easy extensibility without forcing inheritance.
There is also the service contract itself in the generated code, excerpted below.
public interface ReportingServiceSoap
ListChildren_ResponseMessage ListChildren(ListChildren_RequestMessage request);
The ListChildren method returns an array of CatalogItem objects representing the content of a folder in the Report Server catalog. The method is documented as taking two parameters: the path of the folder to list, and a boolean to indicate if the listing should recurse through the subfolders. Since I told svcutil to generate typed messges (/tm), the tool packaged these parameters and return into ListChildren_Request and ListChildren_Response classes respectively. I’m not sure how I feel about this construct as yet, but it does make our intention to hop over the network look explicit.
The following program uses the generated goop to list all of the reports on the server.
static void Main(string args)
ssrs = new ReportingServiceSoapProxy();
request = new ListChildren_RequestMessage();
request.Item = "/";
request.Recursive = true;
response = ssrs.ListChildren(request);
foreach (CatalogItem item in response.CatalogItems)
if (item.Type == ItemTypeEnum.Report)
Console.WriteLine(item.Path + item.Name);
Going back in time for a moment, the svcutil tool also generated an app.config file. One of the strengths in Indigo is the ability to defer the endpoints, transports, and protocols to configuration files and keep them out of the code. I tweaked the app.config slightly and the result looks like the following.
messageVersion="Soap11Addressing1" encoding="utf-8" />
An endpoint defines the network address to use, as well as the binding (how to communicate) and contract (what operations are available). Our binding specifies we will be using HTTP. It is in this area where Indigo truly feels like a technology preview, in the sense that watching a 30-second movie trailer on TV is just a preview to sitting in front of a big screen watching the full length feature. I couldn’t dig out enough details on configuration to determine what knobs are available for tweaking and tuning in this area, but it gives off an aura of being infinitely flexible, and composable.
On the surface, and from a client perspective only, the Indigo experience is not dramatically different from what we have today, and should be easy to pick up. The exception is configuration, which has a lot more to offer – all we need is better documentation to understand what is possible.
Getting underneath into the details, or developing a service, however, requires one to learn a new Indigo vocabulary. Indigo-ese, shall we say. One of the best ways to learn Indigo-ese is to listen or read as people use Indigo-ese. The following sources are chock full of Indigo-ese:
Clemens Vasters: “A Weekend With Indigo”: Part I, Part II, Part III.
Steve Maine: Amaze Your Friends With Duplex Contracts.
Don Box: Service Contracts In Indigo.
David Chappell: Introducing Indigo: An Early Look
Taking the thoughts, ideas, and emotions we have in our brain,
and encoding them into an audible form, or a textual representation,
is a lossy compression at best…
Don’t you just love when those brash, young h4xxorz in the newsgroups type Microsoft with a $ sign? Such a rebellious nature….
Is Team System expensive?
Expensive is a relative term, isn’t it?
Is CaliberRM expensive? Is Rational Rose Enterprise expensive? Is ClearCase or Perforce expensive? Have you ever priced just their yearly support contracts for an enterprise?
I don’t think the price is surprising given the above list, but I was hoping Team Foundation Server would be where Microsoft tried to make money back. The server seems reasonably priced, but Visual Studio and MSDN subscriptions are handing out sticker shock – particularly to independent consultants who pay for subs out of their own pocket.
MSDN subscribers are accustomed to having the fully loaded IDE, but it doesn't look like this will come with an easily justifiable price anymore.
It’s been a wild ride for the last 5 years. We’ve seen the best - what about the worst?
The problem isn’t with the language – VB is a great language, and I’m not formulating my “best and worst lists” based on technology virtues alone, but on the “experience”.
The controversy over Visual Basic.NET started before the product’s release date. Then came the salary surveys, the misinformation, disinformation, statistics, lies, videotapes, benchmarks, whining, moaning, and gnashing of teeth.
The debate over the merits of this language seem to be in an infinite loop.
Bill Vaughn is right: Microsoft should have named the new language B#. Same language – different name – it would be a success story.
Being a former C++ __type myself, I investigated the __new managed __extensions. __For some __reason I could __never __warm __up to the __syntax. I hear^ there are^ some changes^ in store^ for 2005.
3) Tight Coupling of Visual Studio to IIS
With an ASP.NET project, have you ever…
… had the wwwroot$ share disappear?
… wrestled with front page server extensions?
… seen an entire folder disappear?
… tried to put the project under source control?
… tricked Visual Studio into thinking the project isn’t really a web project?
… built the project with an automated build engine? No - no - without Nant!
… debugged as non-admin?
… been unable to open a web project?
… seen a ‘web access failed’ error message?
… had a problem moving a web project from one computer to the other?
… created a web application without admin privs?
This too shall pass in 2.0
If I had a dime for every time the intricacies of IDisposable were explained in newsgroups, mailing lists, conference halls, chat rooms, bathrooms, and blogs – I’d buy myself a Formula One race car, and drive it 6 days a week on my own private racetrack.
Then to find out there is special case reference counting in the framework...
5) Smart Clients
Despite all the hype – smart clients seem to have gained very little traction in the 1.x timeframe. Smart clients are once again poised to take the world by storm with Click-Once deployment in 2.0. Where has the love been for the HREF EXE? Do you think we can write an application like World Wind with AJAX?
The above opinions are my own, and do not necessarily represent the viewpoints of anyone else I know.
Given that .NET 1.x is entering legacy status before the end of the year, I thought it might be fun to explore the best and worst of what .NET developers have lived through for the past 5 years.
First: the best.
Metadata is the lifeblood of the common language runtime. Just think of the number of features made possible (or made better) by the presence of metadata: garbage collection, form designers, code access security, and verification to name a few. The fact that metadata is extensible through custom attributes opens up a world of possibilities. Sure, we might have gotten tools like NUnit and Reflector without metadata, but they might have really sucked.
2) Visual Studio
The multilingual IDE does web, windows, and mobile development, too. If you face being stranded on a desert island with a Windows machine, AC power, and broadband access, but can install only one piece of software on top - take Visual Studio. Given enough time, you can write the rest. (What piece of software would you write first?).
Again, extensibility plays a huge rule in the success of Visual Studio. If you haven’t worked with one of the many great VS.NET ad-ins in Scott Hanselman's Ultimate List, you just haven’t lived.
When people like Chris Brumme spend their time waiting at the dentist writing deep technical blog posts like “TransparentProxy”, then you know times are changing. When I'm at the dentist I usually hide behind large, potted vegetation reading National Geographic, pretending I’m somewhere else, and hoping they forget I’m there, but everyone handles thier phobias differently.
4).NET Class Libraries
Every non-trivial framework has the occasional bump in the road, but let’s not talk about the System.DirectoryServices namespace while we are in a good mood, ok? The usability, intuitiveness, and discoverability of the libraries have played a large role in the adoption of .NET and the productivity of .NET programmers.
5) The Common Type System (CTS)
The CTS lays the foundation for not only C#, C++, and Visual Basic to work together, but a slew of other languages (see former Bon Jovi look-alike Jason Bock’s .NET languages list). No small feat, the CTS. It’s a rewarding experience being able to jump into a new language with foreign syntax but still have some bearing as to what is happening underneath.
Next up: the worst. Don't miss this one.
What would you include in the “best of” list?
There is a Code Camp coming to the Mid-Atlantic.